What is a solar eclipse?
A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes right between the Earth and the Sun. At that moment, the shadow of the Moon is projected over the Earth’s surface, partially or totally blocking the Sun’s light.
There are several types of eclipse:
A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon completely covers the Sun, casting a shadow on the surface of our planet, with a diameter that can go approximately between 100 and 300 kilometers. Outside this area, the phenomenon is partially appreciated.
A partial eclipse occurs when the Moon does not fully cover the solar circle.
An annular eclipse occurs when the Moon is farthest from the Earth at the time of the eclipse. Being further away, its apparent size is smaller with respect to the Sun, and it does not cover it completely, leaving a ring of light around the Moon when both intersect.